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fatehpur sikri

Fatehpur Sikri, the pride of Mughal Empire, is located 40km from Agra district in Uttar Pradesh and is a famous tourist attraction. A small city constructed out of red sandstone, Fatehpur Sikri is a beautiful red city founded by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1571 century. It is basically a protected city built by the king and had been the capital city of Mughal empire for fifteen years. The city is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and houses monuments such as Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaja, Jodha Bai’s Palace, Tomb of Salim Chisti, Diwan-I-Aam, Diwan-I-Khas among many others. Obtained from Arab and Central Asian tent campsites, the Imperial complex is a work of pavilions assembled in conventional geometry on a piece of land.

Fatehpur Sikri is a unique union of brilliant architecture, craftsmanship, and as well as religious beliefs and sums up an entire world inside the small city. Akbar built this city to honor Sheikh Salim Chisti, whose prediction about an heir to be born of the Mughal empire came true when he was visiting the then city of Sikri. To pay tribute to the prophecy and Sufi Saint, Akbar constructed this city and Jama Masjid which is still in use today. The city also has three separate palaces for each of his favorite wives, a Hindu, a Muslim, and a Christian. A marvel of Indo-Islamic architecture, Fatehpur Sikri looks best during sunset when the rays of the setting sun splash the red of the monuments and makes it look even more spectacular.

Fatehpur Sikri Historical Monuments

Fatehpur Sikri town is mostly build in red sandstone – which is a major and popularly used building material for many Mughal buildings and monuments. The town is home to various monuments built by Akbar including three palaces belonging to each of his favorite wives - one a Hindu, one a Muslim and one a Christian. Some of major places and monuments of Fatehpur Sikri are given below –

Apart from these edifices, Fatehpur Sikri has some other palaces and monuments made by Akbar such as Daftar Khana (office), Pachisi Court (amusement of playroom), Khwabgah (emperor’s personal space), Lower Haramsara (place for servants), and Buland Darwaja (a grand doorway leading to Fatehpur Sikri from Agra).

History

The land of Agra echoes of the Medieval Mughal Reign with several historical architectures depicting the Mughal reign, and Fatehpur Sikri is one of them. It was the short-lived capital of the Mughal Empire between 1571 and 1585 during the reign of Akbar. Once upon a time Akbar visited the village of Sikri to discuss with the Sufi Saint Shaikh Salim Chisti who made a prediction about the birth of an heir to the Mughal throne. When the prediction came true, Akbar decided to shift his capital to Sikri and named it as Fatehabad at first, ‘Fateh’ translating to ‘victory’.

Emperor Akbar constructed this palace with fervor and was so much engrossed in its construction that he himself dictated its architectural style. He wanted the complex to be of Persian style to resuscitate the Persian courtly ritual made popular by his ancestor Timur. The edifice is made of red sandstone because of the easy availability of it. The small city had several water shortages and because of that it was banned as the capital city after the demise of Akbar.

How to Reach

Kheria Airport in Agra is the nearest airport to Fatehpur Sikri; it is situated about 40 kilometers away and is well-connected with various cities across India. The nearest train station from here is Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station, which is 300m away from the town, and is well-connected to many neighboring cities.

Delhi’s Indira Gandhi airport is one of the closest international airports to the town and is connected to most significant cities across the world.

Fees for Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri has an entry fee for tourists – INR 10 for Indian nationals and INR 250 for foreign nationals. The city remains open for tourists from 6 AM to 6.30 PM on all days of the week except for Fridays.

Fatehpur Sikri

Known as the ‘Pride of the Mughal Empire’, Fatehpur Sikri is a town near Agra founded by Emperor Akbar in 1571 and made of red sandstone. Declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site, the town is home to many other historic monuments and is an amalgamation of Indo-Islamic architectural excellence, and religious beliefs that appear best during sunset.

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