This fort derives its name from a Telugu word ‘Golla Konda’ which translated to “Shepherd’s Hill”. (Telugu is one of the primary languages spoken in the city of Hyderabad, where the fort is located).
This fort was built on a hilltop in the year 1143 AD, and initially known as Mankal. It was then just a mud fort until 14th century, after which it was fortified (between 14th and 17th centuries) by the then ruling Bahmani Sultans and the Qutub Shahi dynasty. Golconda was then the principal capital of the Qutub Shahi kings who ruled in this region.
The Golkonda Fort is built on a 400 ft. high hill. It has massive fortification walls which are within one another and of a maximum height of over 12 m. The walls have 8 gateways and 87 bastions rising (of heights between 15 and 18 meters each), which provide strength to the fort, and meant to protect it in case of attacks or destruction.
The inner fort contains ruins of palaces and mosques and a hill top pavilion, which is of a height of about 130 meters and provides a stunning bird’s eye view of other surrounding buildings and the city.
Golkonda Fort is open to visitors from 9 am to 5.30 pm on all days of the week.The entry fee for Golkonda fort is INR 15 per head for Indian citizens, INR 200 per head for Foreign Tourists. Besides this, every person who wants to use a still camera will need to pay a fee of INR 25 and INR 130 to witness the Sound & Light Show.
How to reach:
The nearest metro station (to board a local metro train that travels within the city of Hyderabad) to Golconda fort is Peddamma Temple Metro Station and the Jubilee Hills Check Post Metro Station on the Blue line of Hyderabad Metro.
The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport of Hyderabad is situated at around 27 km from the fort, and may take just a little more than half an hour to reach. The nearest train terminals for inter-city trains from here is Hyderabad Deccan Railway Station (also known as Nampally station). Travelers can take an auto rickshaw or cab (taxi) to reach the fort from any of these stations easily.
Nestled atop a hill in the city of Hyderabad, Golkonda Fort is one of the best-preserved heritage of historic India constructed in the 1600s and is the place where the mighty Kohinoor diamond was once kept. The origin of many coveted and spectacular gems such as Idol’s Eye, Hope Diamond, Kohinoor, and Darya-I-Noor, the architecture, the legends, and the mysterious history of the fort makes it a must-visit place in Hyderabad.