Jaisalmer Fort is an ancient fort in the city of Jaisalmer , in the west Indian state of Rajasthan .
It is said to be one of the very few "living forts" in the world – that is, there are people inhibiting it. Nearly one fourth of the old city's population resides within the fort. Few other such places exist in Carcassonne, France.
Jaisalmer Fort is the second oldest fort in all of Rajasthan state. It was built in 1156 AD by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal (from whom the fort and the city also derive the name).
The Jaisalmer Fort was built by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaiswal in 1156 AD, and established his kingdom here.
Around 1293-94 CE, the fort and kingdom, which was then ruled by Rawal Jethsi (one of Jaisal’s successors), were seized by Sultan Alauddin Khalji of Delhi Sultanate and but later abandoned, and it remained so before eventually being reoccupied by some surviving people (Bhatis) in the region.
In 1541 CE, the fort was attacked and captured by the Mughals, and it remained in their control till 1762. The fort itself has been the entire city of Jaisalmer for a large part of its 800-year history, and home to its residents. But eventually, to accommodate the growing population of Jaisalmer, outer settlements are said to have come up in the 17th century, slowly making it the city of Jaisalmer that exists today.
The Jaisalmer Fort is 1,500 ft (460 m) long and 750 ft (230 m) wide. It is built on a 250 ft (76 m) hill above the surrounding countryside in Rajasthan. The fort is built completely with Light yellow sandstone.
Jaisalmer fort has 4 massive gateways through which visitors can enter or exit it. The other elements of this fort are –
The Jaisalmer fort is open to public and tourists between 8 AM to 6 PM every day, and the best time to visit it, as recommended by locals and tourists is between November and March.
An entry fee of INR 50 per head is applicable for Indian citizens, whereas for foreign national visitors/tourists it is INR 250 per head. To use a still Camera, an additional fee of INR 50 is charged per person, and to use a Video Camera, the additional fee applicable is INR 100.
How to reach:
Other nearby attractions from here include –
Another historic monument of ancient India that reflects the architectural grandeur and craftsmanship of India, Jaisalmer Fort enhances the beauty of the Thar Desert and was constructed in 1156. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the fort in itself is a small town housing several houses, temples, shops, and eateries. With a height of 250ft., Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest forts in the world which exudes aesthetic beauty.