Jaipur is the capital city of the north-western Indian state of Rajasthan and also the largest city in the state, both by area and by population. It also has the reputation for being the first “planned” city in the whole of India.
The colour of the buildings in the city is mostly pink - this was done by the Maharaja of Jaipur in the late 19th century, to mark the symbol of hospitality in the city (pink has been considered to be symbolic of hospitality). Due to this dominance of pink coloured buildings all over, the city came to be known as “Pink city”.
Best Places to Visit in Jaipur
Also know as the ‘Pink City’ for the blush color of its historic architectures, the magnificently beautiful Jaipur is the heart and soul of royals and their legendary tales ad creations, with a mix of heritage, culture, and modern romance. Easily able to captivate the visitors through its grandeur lifestyle in the palaces, stories of the forts, astronomical instruments-built centuries ago, and several colorful festivals, Jaipur has numerous places to get awed by and some of the best places to visit in Jaipur are described in the list below.
- Hawa Mahal – This is a grand fort, which was built without any foundation. As it stands without a proper foundation “in the wind”, it was named “Hawa Mahal” which translates to “the Palace of Winds” or “the Palace of Breeze”. Synonym to Jaipur, Hawa Mahal is a spectacular edifice of red sandstone comprising 953 windows, allowing plenty of air to pass through and making it an ideal summer palace. It was built in 1799 to allow the ladies of the palace to watch the festivals on the streets without being seen by anyone.
- Jantar Mantar – A popular astronomical observatory cum art gallery, built more than 300 years ago, Jantar Mantar is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites with a beautiful architecture and various elements (including a massive “sun dial” called as Samrat Yantra) worth exploring. The structure called as Jai Prakash tracks the passing of time while some other tools at the observatory can track stars and predict eclipses.
- Jal Mahal – Creating an illusion of a mirage, the graceful structure Jal Mahal seems to be floating over the shining Man Sagar Lake that calms the mind with just its sight. The water palace has four other levels submerged beneath a reservoir (though not accessible to people) and at night, when it lights up in all its glory, it casts a golden shadow in water and making it look like a mirrored reflection.
- City Palace – A beautiful palace with sprawling gardens and pretty architecture located in the heart of Jaipur, the palace is still home to the modern-day royals of Jaipur and is an extravagant display of fairy-tale like creation. Structures such as Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal (welcome palace), Armory, Pritam Niwas Chowk (Peacock Courtyard), Diwan-I-Am (Hall of Public Audience) are inside the City Palace making it worth the visit.
- Amber Fort – One of the many imperial forts in Jaipur that remind you of the bygone era of the kings and queens, Amber Fort is a 1592 construction standing atop a small hill and is fine specimen of Rajasthani architecture. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this spectacular fort has fascinating stories of royals, legends, betrayals, and romance, that adds to the charm of it and makes it appeal even more mesmerizing.
- Albert Hall Museum – The oldest museum of Rajasthan, Albert Hall Museum boasts of a fascinating display of an extravagant collection of art and historically important artifacts. From an Egyptian Mummy to antique coins, miniature paintings, ancient costumes, and whatnot, the museum is a heaven for the history buffs and fascinating place for all visitors.
- Nahargarh Fort – Also known as “Tiger Fort” – it is a beautiful historic fort situated on a hillock called “Aravalli Hills” and is over 3-centuries old. The fort overlooks the entire city from atop the hills which is a breathtaking sight and houses, apart from different structures inside it, wax museum, sculpture park, and restaurants serving delicacies.
- Birla Mandir – In the pink city Jaipur this stark white edifice stands out very well and is one of the reasons of tourist attraction here. The Hindu temple Birla Mandir is dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Vishnu and is made of fine white marble with intricate carvings and beautifully structured shrines, that is pleasing to the eyes.
Jaipur also has a plethora of shopping spots that have a wide array of souvenirs and unique things to purchase ranging from fancy and precious jewellery to artwork, and handicrafts to clothes and costumes that make shopping in this city an indulging and enriching experience!
Some of the best places to shop at in Jaipur city are:
- Johari Bazaari
- Tripolia Bazaar
- Bapu Bazaar
- Chandpol Bazaar
- Nehru Bazaar
Jaipur, popularly known as the Pink City is famous for its lively people who bring the city to life by celebrating a number of fairs and festivals. Some of the great festivals celebrated in the city are:
- Elephant Festival (The festival is held on the full moon day of ‘Phalgun Purnima’)
- Teej Festival
- Kite Festival (The festival is marked by the presence of kites in the skies)
- Jaipur Literature Festival
- Gangaur Festival
- Jaipur International Film Festival
- Kajli Teej Festival
Jaipur is a city which has a rich history of the country's royal kings and their kingdoms. The city has a number of beautiful palaces, forts, heritage buildings and museums that attract visitors from all over the world. Check out some of the best museums below:
- Anokhi Museum of Hand Printing
- Dolls Museum
- Albert Hall Museum/Government Central
- Hawa Mahal Museum
- Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum
There are many restaurants in Jaipur, each restaurant reflects the culture of the city through the dishes as well as decor. Experience the best food in the restaurants mentioned below:
- Jaipur Adda (Famous for Naan Pizza, Karari Roti,Mojito, Corn Bhel etc.)
- The Rajput Room (Famous for serving Laal Maas)
- Zolocrust (Known for Mezze Platter, Tiramisu, Spaghetti, Apple Pie)
- RJ 14 (Known for Chana Masala, Dal Bukhara, Tomato Shorba, Panipuri)
- Taruveda (Famous for Waffles, Pepperoni Pizza, Caesar Salad, Sushi)
- Chao Chinese Bistro (Known for Jumbo Prawns, Fish Grills, Noodles, Dumplings)
- Tapri Central (Known for Sauteed Mushrooms, Tadka Maggi, Falafel, Nachos)
For the epicures and foodies out there, Jaipur is a paradise! With a wide range of delicious dishes that give a feel of royalty and pure Indianness, Jaipur’s food cannot be describes in just words – it’s an experience one must never miss out on.
Here are some of the dishes that are a must-try when you’re in Jaipur:
- Pyaaz Kachori (an onion stuffed deep fried fluffy pastry).
- Ghevar (a round shaped flaky sweet made of flour, sugar, milk and lots of ghee).
- Gatte ki Kadhi (chickpea flour dumplings in a spicy gravy).
- Gajak (a sweet item, made with peanuts, sesame and jaggery - though found in all of Rajasthan, Jaipur’s version of this is said to be the best).
- Laal Maas – A famous red meat dish (with bones) cooked in flavorful spices and rich ingredients.
There are various places in Jaipur that are considered to be the best for celebrating nightlife. Some of the best places to experience nightlife in the city are:
- 100% Rock (Known for Long Island Iced Tea, Margarita, Spring Roll, or Honey Chilli Potatoes)
- Geoffrey’s Pub (Famous for cocktails and alcoholic drinks)
- Steam – The Taj Rambagh Palace
- Hardy’s Pub
- Maharani Express Bar
Jaipur has many hotels that offers traditional decor, great hospitality and premium services. If you are planning a trip to Jaipur, below listed are some of the best hotels that can be considered:
- Crowne Plaza Jaipur Tonk Road (From INR 4000 Onwards)
- Hilton Jaipur (From INR 4000 Onwards)
- The Fern Residency Jaipur (From INR 2000 Onwards)
- Radisson Blu Jaipur (From INR 4000 Onwards)
- Holiday Inn Jaipur City Centre (From INR 6000 Onwards)
- Jai Mahal Palace (From INR 11000 Onwards)
The Jaipur Metro is a rapid transit system that is the first metro in India to run on triple-storey elevated road and metro track. The metro system comprises of 2 lines called phase 1-A and phase 1-B. Phase 1-A started its commercial service on 3 June 2015, while Phase 1-B started its operation on 23rd Septemper 2020.
- Police - 100 , 0141-2619725
- Fire - 101
- Ambulance - 108/ 102
- Women helpline - 1090, 1091
- Accident Relief - 0141-2565630
- Child helpline - 1098
- LPG / GAS Leakage – 1906
Hindi is the official language of Jaipur but languages like English, Marwadi and Dhundari are spoken as well.
- Welcome - Svagat
- How are you? - Aap kaise hai?
- What's your name? - Aapka naam kya hai?
- I don't know - Mujhe nahi pata
- I don't understand - Mein samjha nahi
- Thank you - Dhanyavad
- What is your name? - Tharo Naam ki/kai hai?
- Nice to meet you - Thare ho mil'an anand ayyo
- Forgive me - Khamma ghani
- I'm sorry - Mahane Maaf Karo
- Good morning - Su Prabhat
- what are you doing? - App/theh kai karoh ho/cho?
The city of the royals and numerous legendary tales, Jaipur is a haven for wanderers in search for art, architecture, history, and legends. A wonderland of culture and heritage, brimming with architectural and historical gems, Jaipur never seizes to captivate its visitors with its majestic charm while offering them memories to last for lifetime.