Panch Mahal

Panch Mahal is a magnificent five storeyed structure that was commissioned by the Mughal Emperor, Akbar. This extraordinary building is also known as ‘badgir’ or `wind tower’, primarily to alleviate the heat and is a very popular architectural mechanism of the Persian architecture. It is believed that originally it was connected with main Royal chamber and Jodh Bai’s Palace.


The Panch Mahal or the “Five Level Palace”, was initially built by Akbar as a summer retreat and an entertainment centre. This is one of the most important buildings in Fatehpur Sikri and is an extraordinary structure that employs the design elements of a Buddhist Temple; entirely columnar, consisting of four stories of decreasing size arranged asymmetrically on the ground floor, which contains 84 columns. These columns, that originally had jaali (screens) between them, support the whole structure. Once these screens provided purdah (cover) to queens and princess on the top terraces enjoying the cool breeze and watching splendid views of Sikri fortifications and the town nestling at the foot of the ridge.


As its name implies, the building is comprised of five levels. The Panch Mahal is a rectangular colonnaded structure which is open on all sides and is built from local red sandstone. It is positioned to act as a "transition" building between the semi-public spaces that surround the Daulat Khana courtyard and the more private spaces of the Royal Harem. It is conjectured that the place served as a pleasure resort for the emperor or that it was used exclusively by the ladies and children of the court. For others, its interconnection with the imperial apartments (the Khwabgah complex) as well as the relation of the building’s main façade to the public court and its eastern orientation suggest that it might have been used for the emperor’s daily ritual of Jharokha-Darsana, where Akbar displayed himself to the public assembled in the Pachisi court to worship him and receive his blessings. The final, fifth level is a domed chhatri.


The timings to enter Panch Mahal is from 8 AM to 6 PM. You can visit the monument any day between these timings.

The entry fee for Panch Mahal is INR 10 for Indians whereas the entry fee for foreigners is INR 250. Children till the age of 15 are not levied with entry charges.


Ideally, the time between October to February is considered to be the best time to visit Panch Mahal as the weather is at its best during these times. However, it is open from 7 AM to 7 PM.



How To Reach

  • Panch Mahal is accessible via railway and road. The nearest railway station is Panchmahal railway station which is a major railway station that connects the city with other major cities. If you plan on reaching the place by road, then, you can easily get access to regular buses to Panch Mahal from other major cities of the country. However, Panch Mahal does not have an airport, so if you are thinking of flying to Panch Mahal then the nearest airport would be Vadodara airport which is 80 km away from the city.
Panch Mahal

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

How to reach Panch Mahal?

One can reach Panch Mahal via rail or road as it is connected to all the major cities in the country. The nearest railway station is Panch Mahal railway station; or you can also get public transports to reach there. The nearest airport is 80 km away from the city.

What is the best time to visit Panch Mahal?

The best time to visit Panch Mahal is between the months of October and February. The place remains open from 7 AM to 7 PM,

What is the entry fee for Panch Mahal?

The entry fee for Indians is INR 10, whereas, for foreign tourists the cost is INR 250.

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