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Haryana India

Haryana, a jewel atop the crow of the country, is a state which shares its capital Chandigarh with the state of Punjab. A state which is bordered by the Shivalik Hills in the north-east and the Aravali range towards the south, Haryana has some of the oldest cities and town, dating to the ancient times of Mahabharata and the Vedic Era. From the place where the historic battle of Panipat and the battle of Mahabharata was fought to some of the most advanced cyber hubs of the country, Haryana has something for all kinds of travelers.

Haryana has a total of 1346 cities and towns.Some popular cities and towns of Haryana are: Chandigarh, Faridabad,  Gurugram (Gurgaon), Panipat (Kurukshetra land), Ambala, Rohtak, Hisar, Sonipat, Panchkula.

People and Population

The state of Bihar has a population of about 2.89 Crore (as of 2020). The religious people here mostly follow either Hinduism, Islam, or Sikhism, which are major religions in the state. The state has 87.46% of Hindus, around 7% of the population are Muslims and over 4% follow Sikhism.

History

The land of Haryana dates to centuries. It was ruled by thousands of kings and kingdoms like the Gupta empire, Maratha empire, Tomara dynasty, Mughal Empire, Delhi Sultanate, Gwalior state Durrani empire and so on, and finally by the British Raj (East India company) which ruled India from 19th to 20th centuries.

During British rule, the region of this state was known as Delhi Territory. In 1858, this territory was merged into the Punjab Province – one of the provinces of British India. And remained a part of it for few years after India’s independence in 1947. In 1966, it was made a separate administrative state of India.

Haryana Language

Haryanvi is the official language of Haryana – also known as “Bangru”, it is an Indo-Aryan language that has been the official medium of communication in the state for years. Haryanvi is also spoken in some areas of Delhi and neighboring states.

Apart from Haryanvi, Hindi and Punjabi are also spoken in many places within the state of Haryana.

Culture

Haryana’s culture mostly is based on its folklore. Many people own cattle in the state – in fact, at times the economic status of an individual is determined by the number of cattle they own! Baisakhi is a harvest festival that’s largely and pompously celebrated in Haryana. Other festivals celebrated here include – Teej, GugaNavmi, Sohna Car rally (a unique festival of old cars!).

Apart from these, the state has various fairs or Melas throughout the year – where people gather to shop, play, eat and have fun. Some popular fairs include: Surajkund International fair, Baisakhi Mela, Mango Mela .

Haryana is known to be one of the wealthiest states in India. The state’s female sex ratio is the smallest in the country, though it is improving.

Tourist Places in Haryana

Haryana is endowed with several historical places and natural retreats along with museums, parks, wildlife trails and modern architectures that are a must-visit for every travel enthusiast. Some of the best tourist places in Haryana are:

  • Museums and Science & Technology Centre – Touted as one of the hubs for advanced museums and science centres, Haryana has numerous places of interest for children and adults alike such as Srikrishna Museum (Kurukshetra), Museum of Folk and Tribal Art (Gurugram), Kurukshetra Panorama and Science Centre (Kurukshetra), International Dolls Museum (Chandigarh), and many.
  • Religious Places – Mansa Devi Temple (Panchkula), Kabuli Bagh (Panipat), Bhima Devi Temple, Bhuteshwar Temple (Kurukshetra), Kartikeya Temple (Pehowa) are some of the most revered places in Haryana.
  • Heritage and Historical Sites – Sheikh Chilli's Tomb, Sannihit Sarovar, Brahma Sarovar, Baba Farid Tomb, Nahar Singh Mahal, Firoz Shah Palace, Farrukh Nagar Fort and so on.
  • Lakes, Gardens, and Parks – Visit the beautiful and pristine lakes, gardens, and parks in Haryana for a solitude time such as Aravalli Biodiversity Park (Gurugram), Sarkaria Cactus Garden (Panchkula), Sultanpur National Park (Gurugram) and Pinjore Gardens (Pinjore), Karna Lake (Karnal), Leisure Valley Park (Gurugram), Brahma Sarovar, Sukhna Lake (Chandigarh), Rock Garden (Chandigarh), and many more.
  • Wildlife or Bird Sanctuaries – With numerous wildlife and bird sanctuaries such as Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary (Kurukshetra), Bir Shikargah Wildlife Sanctuary (Kajiyana), Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kalesar National Park (Yamunanagar), Sultanpur National Park (Sultanpur), Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary (Jhajjar town), Haryana is a heaven to wildlife paramours and photographers alike.
Historical Places in Haryana

Haryana also has many historical places to see. Some popular sites of historical significance in the state are:

  • Sheikh Chilli's Tomb
  • Sannihit Sarovar
  • Brahma Sarovar
  • Baba Farid Tomb
  • Nahar Singh Mahal
  • Firoz Shah Palace
  • Farrukh Nagar Fort
Food

Haryana’s cuisine comprises of earthy, flavorful but simple and nutritious dishes, which are always freshly cooked.Some of the main dishes of Haryana’s cuisines include: Singri ki Sabzi (a dried beans curry), Besan Roti (Chickpea flour flatbread), Masala Roti (spiced unleavened wheat flatbread) and Kachri ki Sabzi (A curry/dish made of Kachri - a wild vegetable from the Cucumber family, and potatoes, along with other spices like chillies, mustard, and turmeric).

The state also produces milk and dairy products abundantly due to its cattle wealth – the Murrah buffaloes and Haryana cows. Almost every house and every dish has freshly churned butter or ghee (clarified butter) or milk (usually full fat).Lassi – a sweetened (with sugar) or savory (lightly salted/spiced) thick buttermilk is a staple drink in the state and is often served alongside meals.

Haryana Famous Festivals

With a state of great multicultural diversity, Haryana welcomes and embraces cultures of different ethnicities mainly Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, and Buddhists. Some of the major festivals celebrated in Haryana are:

  • Holi
  • Diwali
  • Lohri
  • Basant Panchami
  • Gangore
  • Baisakhi
  • Teej
  • Christmas
How to Reach Haryana
  • By Air: The state’ main airport is in Chandigarh which receives flights from all major cities in India. Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi is also very close to some of the part of Haryana which offers easy access to reach the place via public buses or cabs.
  • By Train: The main railway station is in Chandigarh which receives trains from all cities of north India. Delhi has four railway stations which are easily accessible from some parts of Haryana as well.
  • By Road: Haryana has an excellent network of well-managed roads and highways and an excellent transportation system of state-run buses which connect the state from its neighboring states.
Haryana

Get immersed in the medley of multi-cultural experiences with an array of historic sites, breathtaking hills views, and advanced centres, Haryana is a one-stop destination to take in the ancient paraphernalia to the modern architecture, for an all-inclusive experience for the wandering soul.

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