Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. The state is bordered by the Indian state of Bihar to its north, Uttar Pradesh to its north-west, West Bengal to its east, Chhattisgarh to its west and Odisha to its south.
It is the 15th largest state in India by area, and the 14th largest by population. The name “Jharkhand” literally translates to 'The Land of forests or Land of bushes' – and as the name suggests, it has many forests that are well-maintained and preserved.
Jharkhand is rich in natural resources and contributes to about 40% of the total mineral production of India. It is endowed with abundant biodiversity, moderate climate, rich cultural and historical heritage, places of worship some of which are of ancient time as well as ethnic aspects which makes the state an ultimate tourist destination.
Hindi is the official language of the state of Jharkhand. Besides Hindi, people in different regions within the state have their own languages and dialects, such as: Nagpuri, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi, and Bhojpuri.
The state of Jharkhand has a population of about 3.19 Crores (as of 2020). The religious people here mostly follow Hinduism (67.8% people), followed by Islam (14.5%) and Christianity (4.3%). Sarnaism (a religion or tradition of worshipping a village deity) is also followed by more than 12% of the population.
Jharkhand state was formed in the year 2000, by carving out some regions from the state of Bihar, which it was previously part of – because of a demand for a separate state by the Adivasis and some non-tribal communities in the region.
Jharkhand was formed along with 2 other states - Uttaranchal and Chhattisgarh which were carved out of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh respectively the same year.
Ranchi, the largest city in the carved-out region was made the official capital of Jharkhand.
Jharkhand is known for its bright and peppy traditions, intriguing culture, paintings and vivid art scene, and festive celebrations soaked in traditions.
The important festivals of Jharkhand include: Karam (worship Karam devta, the God of power, youth, and youthfulness),Sarhul (tribal festival where Goddess Sitaas Mother of God along with the Sal tree), Sarna and Nawakhani (major harvest festivals of the state) and Sohrai (a cattle festival). Other common festivals like Dussehra and Diwali are also celebrated in the state.
Jharkhand has many folk dances that are performed regularly in the state, such as: Jhumair, Chhau, and Domkach. The state also has a tattoo tradition called Godna, which is part of its culture. It also has a variety of tribal population which represents its great diversity. The tribes of Jharkhand comprise 32 tribes inhabiting the state and were originally classified on the basis of their culture and work type such as - Hunter-gatherer type, Shifting agriculture, Simple artisans, Settled agriculturists.
Jharkhand is known for its waterfalls, elegant temples, National Parks and of course, forests. Some interesting places to visit and explore in Jharkhand are:
Some places of historical significance Jharkhand that will interest history and archaeology enthusiasts as well as photography lovers are –
The staple foods of Jharkhand are rice, dal (pulses) and vegetables, especially and tubers (potatoes, yams). Popular dishes from the cuisine of Jharkhand include:
Satisfy your wander lust soul in the exquisite natural surroundings of Jharkhand that is endowed with a plethora of historical sites, religious pilgrimages, and several hill-top views that when coupled with the vibrant culture of the state, is a must-lived experience.
The charming land of cultures & contrasts