Lucknow is the capital city of the north Indian state Uttar Pradesh, and its largest city. It is also the twelfth most populous urban agglomeration in India.

Lucknow has a deep history. It is believed that Lakshmana, who was the brother of Lord Rama in the Indian epic Ramayana, had laid the foundation of this ancient city near the Gomti River. Hence it first came to be known as Lakshmanpur (Land of Lakshman) in early 11th century, but eventually renamed as “Lucknow”.

In the decades prior to the British rule in India, Lucknow was the capital of the Awadh region, which was controlled by the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire, and eventually the Nawabs of Awadh, and these rulers and empires have had a huge influence od the city’s culture and traditions that exist to this day.


Hindi is the language spoken by a large percentage of Lucknow’s population. Apart from Hindi, many people here speak Urdu and other regional dialects such as Awadhi as well.


The traditional food of Lucknow is known as Awadhi cuisine and it is highly influenced by the Mughals and Nawabs (rulers in ancient India) giving every dish in it a royal touch.

Here are some popular delicacies from Lucknow’s Awadhi cuisine that are a must-try:

  • Minced meat Kebabs, like Buffalo meat Kebabs/Tunde Kebabs, lamb kebabs, beef kebabs, vegetable kebabs and so on. (Kebabs are patties of meat vegetables etc cooked on skewers and charcoal fire)
  • Kormas (stewy curries having vegetables and/or meat in a rich gravy with nuts, spices, cream etc)
  • Warqi Paratha (A layered flaky paratha popular in Lucknow)
  • Biryanis and Pulavs (Rice-based dishes laced with spices and aromatics, also having vegetables or meat)


Lucknow has many incredible places of historic and architectural importance (like palaces, forts, and towers), and also many beautiful gardens and ecological wonders, which make the city a great destination for sightseeing.

Some popular and beautiful places to visit, see and explore in Lucknow are:

  • Bara Imambara and Chota Imambara (Muslim worship/mausoleum monuments)
  • British Residency
  • Kaiserbagh Palace Complex
  • Rumi Darwaza (a historic gateway – also known as Turkish Gate; showcases Awadhi architecture)
  • Chattar Manzil
  • Dilkusha Kothi
  • Hussainabad Clock Tower
  • Tomb of Saadat Ali Khan


Lucknow also has many shopping spots – specifically Bazaars or street markets, which sell shiny and sparkly artefacts from clothes and accessories to home décor items and food ingredients!

Here are some markets and shopping spots you should explore in Lucknow – especially if you are a shopaholic:

  • Hazratganj Market
  • Aminabad
  • Chowk
  • Alambagh
  • Nakhas
  • Yahiyaganj
  • Janpath Market
  • Latouche Road
  • Bhootnath Market
  • Kapoorthala
  • Yahiyaganj Market

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