Assam Image

Assam India

One of the Seven Sisters of India, Assam is the eastern most state of India and is endowed with a spectacular natural beauty that includes lush green foliage, a chain of misty peaks, and several streams with Brahmaputra and Barak being the main rivers. Known as the Tea Capital of the World, Assam glorifies itself as the second largest tea producer of the world with an exotic and distinct variety of tea. It is home to several races, tribes, and ethnic groups of people since millennials who have been living in synthesis and harmony that make Assam adored and rich.

The capital of Assam is Dispur, and the state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Nagaland and Manipur to the east, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the south, and West Bengal to the west. Home to many national parks, heritage sites, religious sites, and some of the largest tea gardens, Assam is a one stop destination for peace seekers, adventure enthusiasts, and religious people .

Assam People and Population

People living in the plains of the Brahmaputra and Barak Valleys in Assam mainly stem from the Indo-Iranian ancestry, out of which, a significant minority is designated as Schedules Tribes and the Bodo constitute of the largest of these groups. About three-fifth of the Assamese people are Hindu, many of whom are followers of Vaishnavism (revering Lord Vishnu), one-third of the population follows Islam, and many of the Scheduled Tribes have also converted to Christianity as well. More than half of the population engages in cultivation, livestock, and dairy farming as their means of livelihood while a very small percentage is involved in commercial work.

Assam has a total population of more than 34 lakh (34.59 million) people with a total area of 78, 438 sq. km.


Assamese and Bodo are the two most spoken and the official languages in Assam, but in a few districts, such as Barak Valley, Bengali also enjoys an honorary status. Most of the population speaks Assamese, which is originally known as Asamiya, and ‘Assamese’ is the anglicized version of the word. Assamese belongs to the group of Indo-Aryan languages which has been evolved from the Sanskrit language in the 7th century AD.

Bodo is mainly spoken in the lower areas of Assam which is a very old language of the state and has given rise to several dialects spoken here along with some of the dialects spoken in the neighboring areas. Some other native languages spoken here are Dimaca, Mishing, Karbi, Rabha, Tiwa that are of Tibeto-Burman origin and are associated with Bodo.


Assam has seen several stages of development with various historical events that has led Assam to what we see now. The history of Assam can be sectioned into four stages or eras –

  • The ancient era from the 4th century with the mention of Kamarupa in the inscriptions of Samudragupta on the Allahabad pillar and the inception of the Kamarupa Kingdom. Ahom dynasty rules during this time.
  • The medieval era began after the attack from the Bengal sultanate in 1206 by Bakhtiyar Khilji and the breakup of the ancient kingdom and rising of medieval kingdoms and chieftainships in its place.
  • The colonial era began after the British took control.
  • The post-colonial era saw Assam after the Indian independence in 1947.
Assam Tourist Places

The magnificent state of Assam is endowed with several eye soothing and breathtaking places ranging from nature parks, religious places, wildlife sanctuaries, and waterfalls. Some of the best places to visit in Assam are:

  • Kaziranga National ParkOne of the most famous parks of India, Kaziranga National Park is home to two-thirds of the planet’s one-horned rhinoceros along with other endangered species that one must witness.
  • Kamakhya Temple – One of the 51 Shakti Peeths in India, Kamakhya Temple venerates Devi Durga and carries a myth to protect devotees from the evil eyes. It is a popular place to visit owing to its amazing Tantric adorations and the history behind its existence.
  • Hoollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary– Surrounded by River Brahmaputra on one side and Tea gardens on the other, the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary is the best place to see the Hoolock Gibbon along with some of the breathtaking spectacles of Assam.
  • Tocklai Tea Research Centre – The largest and oldest Tea Research Centre in the world, it holds tea processing tours and tea tasting tours for the visitors.
  • Umananda Island – One of the smallest islands of the world, it lies in the center of the Brahmaputra River and houses Umananda Temple dedicated to lord Shiva.
  • DiporBil – It is the lake formed as an extension of Brahmaputra River, is an ideal place for basking in the sun and adoring the water lilies, water hyacinths, aquatic grass, and other rare species of flora and herbs.
  • Padam and Pakhuri– Hazara Pakhuri is an artificial lake and PadamPakhuri is an island park known for lotuses along with its musical fountains, toy trains, and the iron bridge that is ideal for some great pictures.
Assam Culture

Assam is the state of diverse cultures and sects of people with an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, and Aryan. The natives of the state are known as ‘Asamiya’ and has several tribes, all of which have unique traditions, dialects, customs, dresses, and way of life.

Several Assamese are Vaishnavites (a sect of Hinduism) who do not believe in idol venerating and perform ‘Naamkirtana’ where the glory of Lord Vishnu is narrated. The ‘Satras’ and ‘Naamghar’ are two significant aspects of cultural and religious institutions which shape the culture of Assam. Satras being the site of religious and cultural practices and Naamgharis the house of prayers. People here follow different religions such as Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhist, and Islam as well. the culture of Assam is greatly described by the colorful festivals it celebrates and the exotic variety of cuisines it offers.

Festivals of Assam

Assam is known for its colorful festivals which are celebrated by everyone across the state against any caste, creed, or religion. Some of the major festivals that are celebrated in Assam are:

  • Bihu Festivals – Bihu is the main festival of Assam that is celebrated three times a year with dance, music, and enthusiasm and celebrates the importance of cultivation and harvesting in the state. Rongali Bihu is celebrated in April to mark the harvest season and Hindu new year, Kati Bihu in October to pray for a good harvest, and Bhogali Bihu in January to mark the end of the harvest season.
  • Ambubachi Festival– Hosted by the Kamakhya Devi Temple in Guwahati, Ambubachi festival is a four-day festival which observes many Tantrics coming from all around to show their tricks for three days and devotees worship the goddess on the fourth day when the door opens for purity and prosperity.
  • Majuli Festival – Held on the banks of River Luit, the festivals engage all day and night with various artisans and craftsmen showcasing their talents and several displays of artwork, food stalls, and exhibition makes this festival a sight to behold.
  • DehingPatkai Festival – Organized by the govt. of Assam, the festival has a wide variety of cultural and adventure sports and observes the necessity for saving elephants.
  • Tea Festival – To glorify being the state for a wide tea production, Assam holds tea festival for three days in Jorhat, the Tea Capital of the World, where several exhibitions are installed for visitors to relish a variety of tea ranging from black, green, white, and flavored.
  • Ras Lila in Majuli – Celebrates the life of Lord Krishna by enacting in plays, dancing, and decorating the city to its full glory.
Assam Food

Assam is known for a variety of reasons and one of the reasons the tourists flock to this state is its unique cuisine and food. With a distinct flavor marked by Bengali influence and consists of a delicate taste of spices and fresh herbs, Assamese food would make anyone go gaga with delight. Some of the most common and delicious food items from Assam are:

Food Description
Khar a non-vegetarian dish made from Khar, pulses, raw papaya, and filtered in dried banana leaves
MasorTenga fish cooked in broth made from otenga, lemongrass, tomatoes that gives it a tangy flavor
Duck Meat Curry Duck meat cooked with Ash Gourd, sesame, pumpkin, and lentil and with whole spices
Xaak Aru Bhaji a dry side dish made from green vegies and potatoes and seasoned with garlic, ginger, and lemon
OouKhatta a sweet and sour chutney made from elephant apple (Ou) and jaggery
Aloo Pitika Assamese version of mashed potatoes cooked in mustard oil, onion, salt, and coriander
Paro Manxho a pigeion meat delicacy of Assam
BaanhgajorLagotKukura chicken cooked with bamboo shoots and lentils
Silkworm larvae stir fried with spices and tastes crunchy
Gooror Payas sweet dish made from rice, milk, jaggery, dates, and bay leaves
Komolar Kheer rice kheer made with a twist of tangy orange pulp
Best Time to Visit

Although the state can be visited at all times of the year, the best time to visit Assam is in summers or winters. Summers are delightfully refreshing with cool breeze and the winters are cold but enjoyable. The region experiences heavy rainfall and is thus not an ideal time to visit during those months of the year.

How to Reach
  • By Air: Assam is well-connected by air to all the major cities like Delhi, Bangalore, and Mumbai, via national and private carriers. Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International airport in Guwahati is a major airport at 25km from the city. Cabs and buses are easily available from the airport to other cities of Assam.
  • By Train: Direct trains are available from Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin, and Trivandrum to Guwahati in Assam. Guwahati railway station is the major train station in Assam from where other cities are accessible.
  • By Road: The highways to Assam are well-maintained and Guwahati is well-connected by all the neighboring states via government buses and private buses. One can also drive to Assam on the well managed roads.

The land of aromatic tea gardens with spectacular natural beauty, pleasant climate, gurgling rivers, and jaw-dropping spectacles, Assam welcomes you to its rich heritage and biodiversity which is interspersed in this Himalayan valley and synthesize to make the state a magnificent wonder.

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